Picture Book Word Count, and Other Rules that are Meant to Be Broken

Apr 8, 2019 | Nonfiction, Picture Books

A 32-Page Picture Book for Pre-Teens?

Miranda Paul and school kidsI’m currently on a book tour for my new 32-page picture book—the type of book that the Internet, most agents, and editors typically say should be “geared toward 4-8 year-olds.” But 75% of our tour stops are engaging with kids ages 8-12, or grades 2-6. At several schools, we didn’t even stop to see the Kindergartners or first graders! In fact, we’ve spoken to hundreds of middle schoolers about our new picture book I Am Farmer: Growing an Environmental Movement.

How can that be? Pre-teens reading a picture book?!

Miranda Paul with schoolkidsYES! Contrary to what you may have heard, not all picture books are (or should be) geared toward the youngest listeners. In fact, some of my STEM books—such as One Plastic Bag or Nine Months: Before a Baby is Born—continuously draw letters from grandparents and retired teachers who remark that they bought or pre-ordered a copy for themselves or as a gift for another adult in their lives. My picture books have ranged from 147 words to 1,400 words.

Some teachers have begun labeling picture books as “E for Everyone.” As a former teacher, I like this approach. Picture books provide illustrated “mirrors” or characters and subjects that connect directly to their lives and cultures. Historical picture books or ones rooted in extremely weird or offbeat science offer “windows” that allow kids or teens to escape their reality or expand their limited experience.

Books by Miranda Paul

The range of choice now offered in trade STEM/STEAM nonfiction and informational fiction picture books allows teachers to be successful in reaching a broad range of kids—especially hooking that reluctant reader. Above all, picture books provide a visual format that is less intimidating than other formats, they appeal to visual learners or English Language Learners, and picture books offer higher success rates in terms of the number of students in a class who will be able to complete and engage with that book (as opposed to longer novels).

Ok, that’s a story about my book.  But what if you’re looking for some guidelines?  Here are some rules (and exceptions, of course) I use in my teaching.

Picture Book Word Count & Age Guide (and When to Forget the Rules)

Whenever I teach a course on writing for children, I go over the so-called “rules” of writing, and then the many, many exceptions.

When it comes to word counts and target ages for picture books (especially nonfiction), I caution writers not to subscribe to hard and fast limitations. Rather than sticking too rigidly to word count, it’s best to strive for a manuscript in which the function and the format work together.

Here’s a general guideline I sometimes use for fiction board books for babies and toddlers to picture books for upper elementary and middle-grade learners.

Ages 0-3 = under 50 (board book – 8-24 pages)

ages 2-5 = under 200 (board book – 24-32 pages)

ages 4-8 / Grades PreK-2= at/under 500 (picture book – 32 pages)

ages 7-10 / GR 2-4 = at/under 1,000 (picture book – 32-48 pages)

ages 9-13 = at/under 2,000 (picture book or photographic nonfiction – 32-48 pages – but also consider making a chapter book, graphic novel, or illustrated/photographed informational 48-80 page middle grade if you’re writing exclusively for this age range. Word counts for chapter books and middle grade can range from 1,500-30,000 or more).

Two notes:

*These word counts are my personal references – they are not official, and do not include back matter, which is bonus material for the reader or information geared for parents, teachers, or older readers.

**For nonfiction books, word count guidelines are more flexible, sometimes even double the word counts listed here.

Join Us for a Course to Learn More About Publishing a Picture Book

Picture Book Plotting A – Z

Picture Book Plotting A – Z

Starts: May 5, 2023

Rock Your Research & Proposals! A Two-Night Mini

Rock Your Research & Proposals! A Two-Night Mini

Starts: May 8, 2023

The Crash Course in Children’s Book Publishing: Illustrator’s Edition

The Crash Course in Children’s Book Publishing: Illustrator’s Edition

Starts: May 31, 2023

From Pencil or Paint to Pixel: A Two-Night Mini for Beginning Illustrators

From Pencil or Paint to Pixel: A Two-Night Mini for Beginning Illustrators

Starts: June 6, 2023

Writing for the Educational Market

Writing for the Educational Market

Starts: June 21, 2023

The Crash Course in Children’s Book Publishing (Fall)

The Crash Course in Children’s Book Publishing (Fall)

Starts: October 4, 2023

Thank you to our faculty for this Guest Post!

Learn More About the Author

Workshops for Writers & Illustrators

> Online
> In-Person
> On-Demand (Self-Paced Online)

New to the Highlights Foundation? Try these:

The Crash Course | The Whole Novel Workshop | Summer Camp


Need help deciding on a workshop?  Ask an ambassador!

Visiting Our Campus

Our campus (The Barn at Boyds Mills) is tucked away in the foothills of the Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania.  It's a few hours from both New York City and Philadelphia, but worlds away from everyday life.

Line drawing of the Barn at Boyds Mills

Our Mission in Action

Equity & Inclusion in Kidlit

The Highlights Foundation positively impacts children by amplifying the voices of storytellers who inform, educate, and inspire children to become their best selves.  Learn more about our impact.

For Businesses & Organizations

Fund a Scholarship
Partner with Us